Globalization of São Paulo in Brazil-英国论文代写范文

51due英国论文代写网精选paper范文:“Globalization of São Paulo in Brazil”本文主要讲述的是全球化是指一个概念,也是人类社会发展的现象。它的定义是复杂的,一般来说,全球化意味着国家的全球联系逐渐增强,人类生活的发展以全球规模和全球意识为基础上升。

São Paulo in Brazil,Globalization,paper范文,英国代写,英国论文代写

Globalization refers to a concept, is also a phenomenon process of the human so

ciety's development. Its definition is complex, generally speaking, globalization means that the global links of countries enhance gradually, and the development of human life rises based on a global scale and global awareness . Countries start to depend on each other for existence in politics, economy and external trade, and none of them can be absent . In other word, globalization also can be comprehended as the compression of world and the world is regarded as a whole globe. After 1990s, with the level and impact of human society influenced by globalization forces expanding, it has gradually brought about changes and revolutions in the political, educational, social and cultural fields. Under this circumstance, even a just a T-shirt can travel around the world . The contemporary globalization is mainly reflected in the four aspect: internationalization, liberalization, generalization and planetarity. The internationalization is mainly used to describe the ethnic and national differences in political, economic and other aspects crossing borders. In this article, we will talk about the globalization process in São Paulo, Brazil political and economic development. 

Along with the further development of globalization and the changes in the world economy structure, urban spatial structure changes, capital and labor start to flow globally, industry transfers globally, even economic activities assemble in the globe. Those all promote the global urban system to be of multiple levels, making central cities develop a lot, and finally achieve its control and operation on the global economy. Hence, some of the transnational group headquarters come into being controlling the global economic field, which were named “Global City”.

São Paulo is the capital of São Paulo State, located in the southeast of Brazil and is the largest city in Brazil. São Paulo is the wealthiest city in South America, it has all kinds of commodities, as available as the world big cities such as London and New York. It is the largest economy city in Brazil, in addition, it is also a north-south logistics central city, having railway, road and air transport networks extending in all directions. Its industrial production accounts for about 50% of the total value of the country’s industrial sector, having nearly all branched, including iron and steel, automobile, electronic, chemical industry, aircraft, machinery as major ones, and oil refining, paper-making, food, textile, cement and other industries. The yield of coffee, citrus, sugarcane, cotton, lemon are the highest in the country. Also the animal husbandry is exceedingly prosperous.

In the sixteenth century, São Paulo was just a small village and was established a colony. Gradually, it became a natural entrance from southeast coast to the west, and eventually became the São Paulo State. São Paulo city was formally established in 1711. During the nineteenth century, São Paulo exported coffee relied on Santos port, and achieved the development and prosperity of economy. After 1881, São Paulo ushered in a wave of immigration, these immigrants came from Italy, Japan etc. to reclaim some new coffee farms. At the beginning of twentieth century, because of various and complex factors, the international coffee prices dropped sharply, the coffee trade became cheap, which prompted local entrepreneurs to participate in São Paulo’s industrial development, and the development of the industry made São Paulo usher in a new batch of immigrants. And since the end of the twentieth century, São Paulo is the financial center of Brazil and even Latin America, some famous international banks and domestic banks had their headquarters in São Paulo and its banking system was developed perfectly. During past few centuries, São Paulo developed itself and grew by continuously innovation (Boutellier and Heinzen, 2014). 

For economy aspect, along with the globalization, the gaps between developed and developing countries in economy enlarge. Developed countries start to build factories and market like Ford, Unilever and War-Mart in the latter ones (Lichtenstein and Nelson, 2006), occupying their labor and resources so that to save money and energy (Hummels, 2007). In some ways, those activities do help them to develop economy, however, it is still a kind of capitalism. What’s more, the gaps are not only decreased, but even become much severer (Chang and Ha-Joon, 2012). As for São Paulo, although its economy has grown a lot these years, its traditional culture is influenced by American culture serious and faced with the danger of extinction. They even buy a large quantity of grains from them. Every year, a great number of yield of Brazil is purchased by the United States. However, as developed countries’ industry is expanded rapidly, much carbon dioxide is discharged into the atmosphere and causes global warming and climate warming, and the changes of climate finally have pernicious in agriculture . That is to say, even though economic globalization is the essential process of development of productive forces, and promotes productive forces a great, even promotes the economic development and the rational allocation of resources in the whole world, finally provides a broad space for global economy, there are still some disadvantages that can not be ignored. In fact, economic globalization is primarily oriented towards developed countries, so it will exacerbate the imbalance in world economic development between developed and developing ones, making polarization more serious. And economic globalization makes links among all countries’ economy enhance and increased instability, especially bring about a great threat to the developing countries’ economic security .

When it comes to politics, with the acceleration of globalization process, great changes have taken place in the international political pattern. Just like economy, developing countries themselves become the only reason why they are backwards. To solve this question, an effective way is globalization and cooperation, not the adjustment of the international order. Like BRICS, which Brazil founded with China, Russia, India and South Africa, has helped a lot to Brazil’s development .

Through all the analysis about São Paulo above, and the effects on developing countries like Brazil, we can know that globalization is just like a double-edged sword, and Brazil should use it carefully and wisely.  

 

References

Boutellier, R., & Heinzen, M. (2014). Radical Versus Routine Innovation. Growth Through Innovation. Springer International Publishing, 149-162.

Müller, T. (2014). The rise of the brics in africa: the geopolitics of south-south relations. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 27(2), 393-395.

Chang, Ha-Joon. (2012). 23 things they don't tell you about capitalism. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. 

Goldberg, P. K., & Pavcnik, N. (2007). Distributional effects of globalization in developing countries. Journal of Economic Literature, 45(45), 39-82. 

GRAIN. (2012). The great food robbery: how corporations control food, grab land and destroy the climate. Fahamu/Pambazuka.

Hummels, D. (2007). Transportation costs and international trade in the second era of globalization. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21(3), 131-154.

Lichtenstein, Nelson, ed. (2006). Wal-Mart: The face of twenty-first-century capitalism. New Press. 

Rivoli, P. (2014). The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy: An Economist Examines the Markets, Power, and Politics of World Trade. New Preface and Epilogue with Updates on Economic Issues and Main Characters. John Wiley & Sons.

Robertson, R. (2000). Globalization: social theory and global culture. International Affairs.

Simmons, B. A., & Elkins, Z. (2014). The globalization of liberalization: policy diffusion in the international political economy. American Political Science Review, 98(1), 171-189.

以上paper代写范文由51due英国论文代写网提供,仅供大家参考。51due英国代写网打造最好的教育品牌,提供专业的代写服务,我们为自己的品牌代言,不负留学生的期待。提供全方位的服务,包括英国论文代写,essay代写,assignment代写,paper代写等论文代写服务。